A nanometre-scale non-periodic structural variation in high temperature superconducting ceramics and the implications for properties

Barry, J. C. and Alarco, J. A. (2001) A nanometre-scale non-periodic structural variation in high temperature superconducting ceramics and the implications for properties. Journal of Microscopy, 202 3: 495-517.


Author Barry, J. C.
Alarco, J. A.
Title A nanometre-scale non-periodic structural variation in high temperature superconducting ceramics and the implications for properties
Journal name Journal of Microscopy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-2720
Publication date 2001
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1046/j.1365-2818.2001.00848.x
Volume 202
Issue 3
Start page 495
End page 517
Total pages 23
Place of publication Oxford
Publisher Blackwell Science Limited
Collection year 2001
Language eng
Subject C1
291404 Ceramics
670901 Ceramics
Abstract Non-periodic structural variation has been found in the high T-c cuprates, YBa2Cu3O7-x and Hg0.67Pb0.33Ba2Ca2Cu3O8+delta, by image analysis of high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) images. We use two methods for analysis of the HRTEM images. The first method is a means for measuring the bending of lattice fringes at twin planes. The second method is a low-pass filter technique which enhances information contained by diffuse-scattered electrons and reveals what appears to be an interference effect between domains of differing lattice parameter in the top and bottom of the thin foil. We believe that these methods of image analysis could be usefully applied to the many thousands of HRTEM images that have been collected by other workers in the high temperature superconductor field. This work provides direct structural evidence for phase separation in high T-c cuprates, and gives support to recent stripes models that have been proposed to explain various angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance data. We believe that the structural variation is a response to an opening of an electronic solubility gap where holes are not uniformly distributed in the material but are confined to metallic stripes. Optimum doping may occur as a consequence of the diffuse boundaries between stripes which arise from spinodal decomposition. Theoretical ideas about the high T-c cuprates which treat the cuprates as homogeneous may need to be modified in order to take account of this type of structural variation.
Keyword Microscopy
High T-c
Hrtem
Hts
Non-periodic
Non-periodic Structure Variation
Spinodal
Stripes
Twin Planes
Ybco
T-c Superconductors
Copper-oxide Superconductors
Normal-state
O System
Yba2cu3o7-x
Density
Mechanism
Oxygen
Spin
Bi2sr2cacu2o8+delta
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis Publications
 
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