Race modeling: An effective cognitive strategy for the 100 m sprinter?

Mallett, CJ and Hanrahan, SJ (1997) Race modeling: An effective cognitive strategy for the 100 m sprinter?. Sport Psychologist, 11 1: 72-85.


Author Mallett, CJ
Hanrahan, SJ
Title Race modeling: An effective cognitive strategy for the 100 m sprinter?
Journal name Sport Psychologist   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0888-4781
1543-2793
Publication date 1997-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 11
Issue 1
Start page 72
End page 85
Total pages 14
Publisher Human Kinetics
Language eng
Subject 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a specific cognitive race plan on 100 m sprint performance, Twelve elite sprinters (11 male and 1 female) performed 100 m time trials under normal (control) conditions and then under experimental conditions (use of race cues). In the experimental condition, participants were asked to think about specific thought content in each of three segments of the 100 m. A multiple baseline design was employed. A mean improvement of 0.26 s was found. Eleven of the 12 participants showed improvement using the specific cognitive race plan (p < .005). Participants also produced more consistent sprint performances when using the cues (p < .01). Subjective evaluations made by the participants unanimously supported the use of the race plan for optimizing sprint performance. Environmental conditions, effort, and practice effects were considered as possible influences on the results.
Keyword Psychology
Sport Sciences
Psychology, Applied
Marathon Runners
Attentional Focus
Performance
Start
Task
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement Studies Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 13 Aug 2007, 16:41:44 EST