Interacting livestock and fire may both threaten and increase viability of a fire-adapted Mediterranean carnivorous plant

Paniw, Maria, Quintana-Ascencio, Pedro F. , Ojeda, Fernando and Salguero-Gomez, Roberto (2017) Interacting livestock and fire may both threaten and increase viability of a fire-adapted Mediterranean carnivorous plant. Journal of Applied Ecology, . doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12872


Author Paniw, Maria
Quintana-Ascencio, Pedro F.
Ojeda, Fernando
Salguero-Gomez, Roberto
Title Interacting livestock and fire may both threaten and increase viability of a fire-adapted Mediterranean carnivorous plant
Journal name Journal of Applied Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2664
0021-8901
Publication date 2017-02-23
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1365-2664.12872
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Total pages 11
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Quantifying interactive effects of environmental drivers on population dynamics can be critical for a robust analysis of population viability. Fire regimes, among the most widespread disturbances driving population dynamics, are increasingly modified by and interact with human activities. However, viability of fire-adapted species is typically assessed overlooking disturbance interactions, potentially resulting in suboptimal management actions. We investigated whether increasing human disturbances in fire-prone ecosystems may pose a threat or an opportunity to improve population viability, using demographic data of the carnivorous, post-fire recruiting plant Drosophyllum lusitanicum, endemic to heathlands in the southwestern Mediterranean Basin. We built integral projection models and simulated population dynamics under different combinations of two key disturbance types affecting populations: fire and livestock browsing and trampling. We used perturbation analyses to determine potential long-term consequences of maintaining fundamentally different disturbance types. Despite most populations inhabiting browsed habitats, simulations showed a greater extinction risk in populations under high livestock pressure compared with ones under low or moderate pressures. Extinction risk decreased when fire return intervals shortened in populations under low or moderate livestock pressure; however, the opposite pattern emerged in heavily browsed populations, where short intervals between fires increased extinction. Elasticity analyses showed that decreases in viability under frequent disturbance interactions (heavy browsing and frequent fire) may be explained by selection against seed dormancy in populations with frequent browsing and trampling. This may potentially cause populations to collapse when fires kill above-ground plants without populations being able to recover from a seed bank. Synthesis and applications. Incorporating disturbance interactions can result in a different assessment of viability of a fire-adapted species than considering fire regimes alone. In Mediterranean ecosystems, fire management may be more effective when integrating moderate human activities. However, replacing fires by human disturbances, a currently widespread strategy in many fire-prone ecosystems, is not recommended since it may fundamentally alter population dynamics and selection pressures and decrease viability of fire-adapted species.
Keyword Bayesian integral projection models
Disturbance interactions
Drosophyllum lusitanicum
Elasticities
Environmental drivers
Fire
Livestock disturbance
Quasi-extinction
Stochastic population growth rate (log λs)
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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