Cryptococcal infections in solid organ transplant recipients over a 15-year period at a state transplant center

Gassiep, Ian, McDougall, David, Douglas, Joel, Francis, Ross and Playford, Elliott G. (2017) Cryptococcal infections in solid organ transplant recipients over a 15-year period at a state transplant center. Transplant Infectious Disease, 19 1: . doi:10.1111/tid.12639


Author Gassiep, Ian
McDougall, David
Douglas, Joel
Francis, Ross
Playford, Elliott G.
Title Cryptococcal infections in solid organ transplant recipients over a 15-year period at a state transplant center
Journal name Transplant Infectious Disease   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1399-3062
1398-2273
Publication date 2017-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/tid.12639
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 19
Issue 1
Total pages 9
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The aim of this research paper was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcome of solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients diagnosed and treated for cryptococcosis at our institution.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients with SOT diagnosed and treated for cryptococcal infection occurring between January 2001 and December 2015.

Results: Of 102 patients diagnosed with cryptococcal infection, 23 were SOT recipients. Renal transplant accounted for 22/23 cases, of which 13 had meningitis. The annual incidence of infection has risen significantly, and is now greater than 2/1000 prevalent renal transplant recipients. As expected, biochemical factors associated with meningitis include lower glucose on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, median 2.4 vs 4.5 mmol/L (P=.02); CSF white blood cell median 50 vs 1/μL (P<.001); CSF protein, median 950 vs 335 mg/L (P=.04). Serum cryptococcal antigen titers were higher in the meningitis cohort, median 512 vs 32 (P=.03). Clinically, headache on admission (odds ratio: 9 [1.29-63.03], P=.03) and a prolonged length of stay (median of 36 vs 13 days) in the meningitis cohort (P=.02) were significant.

Conclusion: Cryptococcal infection in SOT recipients remains rare; however, there has been a marked increase in cases since 2014. This study reveals a need for increased vigilance for a potential emerging infectious disease. It furthermore highlights the need for ongoing research to further aid early diagnosis, prognostication, management, and screening cost-effectiveness.
Keyword Cryptococcosis
Cryptococcus
Fungal infection
Mycosis
Solid organ transplant
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Medicine Publications
 
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