A systematic review of associations between amount of meditation practice and outcomes in interventions using the four immeasurables meditations

Zeng, Xianglong, Chio, Floria H. N. , Oei, Tian P. S. , Leung, Freedom Y. K. and Liu, Xiangping (2017) A systematic review of associations between amount of meditation practice and outcomes in interventions using the four immeasurables meditations. Frontiers in Psychology, 8 FEB: . doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00141


Author Zeng, Xianglong
Chio, Floria H. N.
Oei, Tian P. S.
Leung, Freedom Y. K.
Liu, Xiangping
Title A systematic review of associations between amount of meditation practice and outcomes in interventions using the four immeasurables meditations
Journal name Frontiers in Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1664-1078
Publication date 2017-02-06
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00141
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 8
Issue FEB
Total pages 19
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Abstract Interventions using the "Four Immeasurables Meditations" (FIM) are effective for various outcomes; however, whether increased meditation practice in these interventions leads to better results has not been well investigated. This systematic review included 22 FIM interventions that reported associations between the amount of meditation practice and its outcomes. Despite the heterogeneity in intervention components and outcome variables, there were generally few significant associations between amount of meditation practice and its outcomes. Specifically, only five studies reported that more than half of the calculated results were significant. In comparison with correlations between total amount of practice and overall outcomes, the short-term influence of meditation practice was evaluated in fewer studies; however, it had a better association with outcomes. More studies are required that address the underlying mechanisms that elucidate how meditation practice leads to outcome changes in daily life. In this study, two promising mechanisms with initial evidence were discussed. This review also summarized common methodological issues including a lack of experimental manipulation and inaccurate measuring of meditation practice.
Keyword Active component
Appreciative joy
Buddhism
Compassion
Dose response relationship
Loving-kindness meditation
Time of practice
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
 
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