Physical risk factors for developing non-specific neck pain in office workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Jun, Deokhoon , Zoe, Michaleff , Johnston, Venerina and O'Leary, Shaun (2017) Physical risk factors for developing non-specific neck pain in office workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-38. doi:10.1007/s00420-017-1205-3


Author Jun, Deokhoon 
Zoe, Michaleff 
Johnston, Venerina
O'Leary, Shaun
Title Physical risk factors for developing non-specific neck pain in office workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal name International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0340-0131
1432-1246
Publication date 2017-02-21
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00420-017-1205-3
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Start page 1
End page 38
Total pages 38
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Introduction: Identifying risk factors associated with the development of work-related neck pain in office workers is necessary to facilitate the development of prevention strategies that aim to minimise this prevalent and costly health problem. The aim of this systematic review is to identify individual worker (e.g., lifestyle activity, muscular strength, and posture) and workplace (e.g., ergonomics and work environment) physical factors associated with the development of non-specific neck pain in office workers.

Methods: Studies from 1980 to 2016 were identified by an electronic search of Pubmed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Psychlnfo and Proquest databases. Two authors independently screened search results, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias using the epidemiological appraisal instrument (EAI). A random effect model was used to estimate the risk of physical factors for neck pain.

Results: Twenty papers described the findings of ten prospective cohort studies and two randomized controlled trials. Low satisfaction with the workplace environment (pooled RR 1.28; CI 1.07–1.55), keyboard position close to the body [pooled RR 1.46; (CI 1.07–1.99)], low work task variation [RR 1.27; CI (1.08–1.50)] and self-perceived medium/high muscular tension (pooled RR 2.75/1.82; CI 1.60 /1.14–4.72/2.90) were found to be risk factors for the development of neck pain.

Conclusions: This review found evidence for a few number of physical risk factors for the development of neck pain, however, there was also either limited or conflicting factors. Recommendations for future studies evaluating risk factors are reported and how these may contribute to the prevention of neck pain in office workers.
Keyword Ergonomics
Individual factors
Meta-analysis
Neck pain
Office worker
Physical factors
Systematic review
Work environment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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