Exploring gender difference in sleep quality of young adults: findings from a large population study

Fatima, Yaqoot, Doi, Suhail A. R., Najman, Jake M. and Al Mamun, Abdullah (2016) Exploring gender difference in sleep quality of young adults: findings from a large population study. Clinical Medicine and Research, 14 3-4: 138-144. doi:10.3121/cmr.2016.1338


Author Fatima, Yaqoot
Doi, Suhail A. R.
Najman, Jake M.
Al Mamun, Abdullah
Title Exploring gender difference in sleep quality of young adults: findings from a large population study
Journal name Clinical Medicine and Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1554-6179
1539-4182
Publication date 2016-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3121/cmr.2016.1338
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 14
Issue 3-4
Start page 138
End page 144
Total pages 7
Place of publication Marshfield, WI, United States
Publisher Marshfield Clinic
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: To explore if gender difference in sleep quality is due to higher prevalence of depression in females, and whether socio-demographic and lifestyle factors have a differential effect on sleep quality in males and females.

Methods: Youth self-reports and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used to assess sleep quality and associated risk factors. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the association between various risk factors and poor sleep quality.

Results: Reports from 3,778 young adults (20.6±0.86 years) indicate a higher prevalence of poor sleep quality in females than males (65.1% vs. 49.8%). It seems that gender difference in poor sleep is independent of depression, socio-demographics, and lifestyle factors, since the higher odds of poor sleep quality in females was robust to adjust for depression, socio-demographics, and lifestyle factors (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.23–1.90). Lifestyle factors (eg, smoking) (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.05–3.46) were associated with sleep quality in only males.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that female vulnerability to poor sleep quality should be explored beyond psycho-social disparities. Perhaps, exploring if the female predisposition to poor sleep quality originates at the biological level could lead to the answer.
Keyword Depression
Gender difference
Lifestyle
Sleep quality
Young adults
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
School of Social Science Publications
 
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