Histologic and phenotypic factors and MC1R status associated with BRAF(V600E), BRAF(V600K), and NRAS mutations in a community-based sample of 414 cutaneous melanomas

Hacker, Elke, Olsen, Catherine M., Kvaskoff, Marina, Pandeya, Nirmala, Yeo, Abrey, Green, Adele C., Williamson, Richard M., Triscott, Joe, Wood, Dominic, Mortimore, Rohan, Hayward, Nicholas K. and Whiteman, David C. (2016) Histologic and phenotypic factors and MC1R status associated with BRAF(V600E), BRAF(V600K), and NRAS mutations in a community-based sample of 414 cutaneous melanomas. The Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 136 4: 829-837. doi:10.1016/j.jid.2015.12.035


Author Hacker, Elke
Olsen, Catherine M.
Kvaskoff, Marina
Pandeya, Nirmala
Yeo, Abrey
Green, Adele C.
Williamson, Richard M.
Triscott, Joe
Wood, Dominic
Mortimore, Rohan
Hayward, Nicholas K.
Whiteman, David C.
Title Histologic and phenotypic factors and MC1R status associated with BRAF(V600E), BRAF(V600K), and NRAS mutations in a community-based sample of 414 cutaneous melanomas
Formatted title
Histologic and phenotypic factors and MC1R status associated with BRAFV600E, BRAFV600K, and NRAS mutations in a community-based sample of 414 cutaneous melanomas
Journal name The Journal of Investigative Dermatology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-202X
1523-1747
Publication date 2016-01-22
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jid.2015.12.035
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 136
Issue 4
Start page 829
End page 837
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Cutaneous melanomas arise through causal pathways involving interplay between exposure to UV radiation and host factors, resulting in characteristic patterns of driver mutations in BRAF, NRAS, and other genes. To gain clearer insights into the factors contributing to somatic mutation genotypes in melanoma, we collected clinical and epidemiologic data, performed skin examinations, and collected saliva and tumor samples from a community-based series of 414 patients aged 18 to 79, newly diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma. We assessed constitutional DNA for nine common polymorphisms in melanocortin-1 receptor gene (MC1R). Tumor DNA was assessed for somatic mutations in 25 different genes. We observed mutually exclusive mutations in BRAFV600E (26%), BRAFV600K (8%), BRAFother (5%), and NRAS (9%). Compared to patients with BRAF wild-type melanomas, those with BRAFV600E mutants were significantly younger, had more nevi but fewer actinic keratoses, were more likely to report a family history of melanoma, and had tumors that were more likely to harbor neval remnants. BRAFV600K mutations were also associated with high nevus counts. Both BRAFV600K and NRAS mutants were associated with older age but not with high sun exposure. We also found no association between MC1R status and any somatic mutations in this community sample of cutaneous melanomas, contrary to earlier reports.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 09 Aug 2016, 15:10:38 EST by Abrey Yeo on behalf of School of Chemistry & Molecular Biosciences