Social identities promote well-being because they satisfy global psychological needs

Greenaway, Katharine H., Cruwys, Tegan, Haslam, S. Alexander and Jetten, Jolanda (2016) Social identities promote well-being because they satisfy global psychological needs. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46 3: 294-307. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2169


Author Greenaway, Katharine H.
Cruwys, Tegan
Haslam, S. Alexander
Jetten, Jolanda
Title Social identities promote well-being because they satisfy global psychological needs
Journal name European Journal of Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1099-0992
0046-2772
Publication date 2016-04-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/ejsp.2169
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 46
Issue 3
Start page 294
End page 307
Total pages 14
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Social identities are known to improve well-being, but why is this? We argue that this is because they satisfy basic psychological needs, specifically, the need to belong, the need for self-esteem, the need for control and the need for meaningful existence. A longitudinal study (N = 70) revealed that gain in identity strength was associated with increased need satisfaction over 7 months. A cross-sectional study (N = 146) revealed that social identity gain and social identity loss predicted increased and reduced need satisfaction, respectively. Finally, an experiment (N = 300) showed that, relative to a control condition, social identity gain increased need satisfaction and social identity loss decreased it. Need satisfaction mediated the relationship between social identities and depression in all studies. Sensitivity analyses suggested that social identities satisfy psychological needs in a global sense, rather than being reducible to one particular need. These findings shed new light on the mechanisms through which social identities enhance well-being.
Keyword Depression
Psychological need satisfaction
Social identity
Well-being
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
 
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