Environmental change, ungulate biogeography, and their implications for early human dispersals in equatorial east Africa

Faith, J. Tyler, Tryon, Christian A. and Peppe, Daniel J. (2016). Environmental change, ungulate biogeography, and their implications for early human dispersals in equatorial east Africa. In Sacha C. Jones and Brian A. Stewart (Ed.), Africa from MIS 6-2: Population Dynamics and Paleoenvironments (pp. 233-245) Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Netherlands. doi:10.1007/978-94-017-7520-5_13


Author Faith, J. Tyler
Tryon, Christian A.
Peppe, Daniel J.
Title of chapter Environmental change, ungulate biogeography, and their implications for early human dispersals in equatorial east Africa
Title of book Africa from MIS 6-2: Population Dynamics and Paleoenvironments
Place of Publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Publication Year 2016
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-7520-5_13
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Year available 2016
Series Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology
ISBN 9789401775199
9789401775205
ISSN 1877-9077
Editor Sacha C. Jones
Brian A. Stewart
Chapter number 13
Start page 233
End page 245
Total pages 13
Total chapters 19
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
To better understand the potential role of environmental change in mediating human dispersals across equatorial East Africa, this study examines the biogeographic histories of ungulates, including a summary of current knowledge and fossil evidence stemming from our fieldwork in the Kenyan portion of the Lake Victoria basin. Phylogeographic and paleontological evidence indicates that vegetation changes across Quaternary climate cycles mediated ungulate distributions and dispersals via the opening and closing of biogeographic barriers in equatorial East Africa. Dispersal capabilities would have been enhanced during phases of grassland expansion and diminished during phases of grassland contraction. We propose that the distribution and dispersal of diagnostic technological markers in the archaeological record may be similarly influenced by environmental changes. The Middle Stone Age record from the Lake Victoria region provides intriguing examples of possible environmentally mediated technological dispersals.
Keyword Grasslands
Lake Victoria
Late Pleistocene
Middle Stone Age
Paleoenvironments
Phylogeography
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
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