Prevalence, knowledge and attitudes relating to β-alanine use among professional footballers

Kelly, Vincent G., Leveritt, Michael D., Brennan, Christopher T., Slater, Gary J. and Jenkins, David G. (2016) Prevalence, knowledge and attitudes relating to β-alanine use among professional footballers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, . doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2016.06.006


Author Kelly, Vincent G.
Leveritt, Michael D.
Brennan, Christopher T.
Slater, Gary J.
Jenkins, David G.
Title Prevalence, knowledge and attitudes relating to β-alanine use among professional footballers
Journal name Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1440-2440
Publication date 2016-06-23
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.06.006
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Total pages 5
Place of publication Chatswood, NSW, Australia
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: To investigate β-alanine supplementation use and level of knowledge amongst professional footballers.
Design: Cross-sectional survey of Australian professional football players.
Methods: Questionnaires assessing β-alanine supplementation behaviours, level of knowledge and sources of information were completed by professional rugby union (RU) (n = 87), rugby league (RL) (n = 180) and Australian Rules Football (ARF) (n = 303) players.
Results: Approximately 61% of athletes reported β-alanine use, however use by ARF football players (44%) was lower than that of RU (80%) and RL players (80%). The majority of respondents were not using β-alanine in accordance with recommendations. Only 35% of the participants were able to correctly identify the potential benefits of β-alanine supplementation. The main information sources that influenced players’ decision to use β-alanine were strength and conditioning coach (71%) and dietitian (52%). Forty-eight per cent of athletes never read labels prior to supplementing and only 11% completed their own research on β-alanine. Compared to RL and ARF players, RU players had both a greater knowledge of β-alanine supplementation and better supplementation practices.
Conclusions: Despite over half the surveyed professional footballers using β-alanine, the majority of athletes used β-alanine in a manner inconsistent with recommendations. A better understanding of the environment and culture within professional football codes is required before supplement use becomes consistent with evidence based supplement recommendations.
Keyword Supplement
Questionnaire
Football
Sport
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 02 Aug 2016, 15:17:55 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences