Critical minerals and energy–impacts and limitations of moving to unconventional resources

McLellan, Benjamin C., Yamasue, Eiji, Tezuka, Tetsuo, Corder, Glen, Golev, Artem and Giurco, Damien (2016) Critical minerals and energy–impacts and limitations of moving to unconventional resources. Resources, 5 2: . doi:10.3390/resources5020019


Author McLellan, Benjamin C.
Yamasue, Eiji
Tezuka, Tetsuo
Corder, Glen
Golev, Artem
Giurco, Damien
Title Critical minerals and energy–impacts and limitations of moving to unconventional resources
Journal name Resources   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2079-9276
Publication date 2016-05-13
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3390/resources5020019
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 5
Issue 2
Total pages 40
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publisher M D P I AG
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The nexus of minerals and energy becomes ever more important as the economic growth and development of countries in the global South accelerates and the needs of new energy technologies expand, while at the same time various important minerals are declining in grade and available reserves from conventional mining. Unconventional resources in the form of deep ocean deposits and urban ores are being widely examined, although exploitation is still limited. This paper examines some of the implications of the transition towards cleaner energy futures in parallel with the shifts through conventional ore decline and the uptake of unconventional mineral resources. Three energy scenarios, each with three levels of uptake of renewable energy, are assessed for the potential of critical minerals to restrict growth under 12 alternative mineral supply patterns. Under steady material intensities per unit of capacity, the study indicates that selenium, indium and tellurium could be barriers in the expansion of thin-film photovoltaics, while neodymium and dysprosium may delay the propagation of wind power. For fuel cells, no restrictions are observed.
Keyword Minerals
Energy
Deep ocean resources
Unconventional resources
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Sustainable Minerals Institute Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 01 Aug 2016, 14:04:15 EST by Dr Benjamin Craig Mclellan on behalf of Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining