Ultrastructure and phylogenetic significance of notaspidean spermatozoa (mollusca, gastropoda, opisthobranchia)

Healy J.M. and Willan R.C. (1984) Ultrastructure and phylogenetic significance of notaspidean spermatozoa (mollusca, gastropoda, opisthobranchia). Zoologica Scripta, 13 2: 107-120.

Author Healy J.M.
Willan R.C.
Title Ultrastructure and phylogenetic significance of notaspidean spermatozoa (mollusca, gastropoda, opisthobranchia)
Journal name Zoologica Scripta   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0300-3256
Publication date 1984
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 13
Issue 2
Start page 107
End page 120
Total pages 14
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
Abstract Spermatozoa of five notaspidean opisthobranchs [Berthellina citrina, Berthella ornata, Pleurobranchus peroni, Pleurobranchaea maculata, Umbraculum sinicum] were examined using TEM. In all five species, the acrosome (sensu lato) consists of an apical vesicle (the acrosomal vesicle) and acrosomal pedestal. The acrosomal pedestal overlaps the nuclear apex, and in P. peroni (and possibly B. ornata) is periodically banded-the first reported incidence of this type of substructure in any euthyneuran acrosome. Although sperm nuclei of P. peroni, B. ornata and B. citrina differ in length and also the number of keels present (nucleus 7 μm long with four/five keels present in Pleurobranchus; 17 μm long with one keel in Berthella; 15 μm long with a very weak keel in Berthellina), the basal invagination to which the centriolar derivative, axoneme and coarse fibres are attached is always poorly developed, and very little overlap between nucleus and midpiece occurs. In P. maculata and U. sinicum, the nucleus forms a helical cord around the axoneme and mitochondrial derivative such that it is not possible to recognize exclusively 'nuclear' and 'midpiece' regions of the spermatozoon. In all notaspideans investigated, (1) the axoneme, coarse fibres and glycogen helix are enclosed by the paracrystalline and matrix components of the mitochondrial derivative and (2) a dense ring structure (attached to the plasma membrane) and glycogen piece are observed. While the glycogen piece is very short (0.85-1.43 μm) with a very degenerate axoneme in B. citrina, B. ornata and P. peroni, this region of the spermatozoan is well developed (30-35 μm long) in U. sinicum and exhibits a fully intact 9 + 2 axoneme. The 'glycogen piece' (or its presumed homologue) in P. maculata spermatozoa is very short (0.65 μm), devoid of any axonemal remnant and constructed of a hollow, internal cylinder attached to an outer (incomplete) shell, and contains scattered (? glycogen) granules. Spermatozoal structure supports a close relationship between the genera Berthellina, Berthella and Pleurobranchus. These three genera have more distant links with Pleurobranchaea, while Umbraculum maintains an isolated. specialized position within the Notaspidea.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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