Cross-language vowel perception and production by Japanese and Korean learners of English

Ingram J.C.L. and Park S.-G. (1997) Cross-language vowel perception and production by Japanese and Korean learners of English. Journal of Phonetics, 25 3: 343-370.

Author Ingram J.C.L.
Park S.-G.
Title Cross-language vowel perception and production by Japanese and Korean learners of English
Journal name Journal of Phonetics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0095-4470
Publication date 1997
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 25
Issue 3
Start page 343
End page 370
Total pages 28
Subject 1203 Design Practice and Management
3310 Linguistics and Language
Abstract This paper investigates the roles of language-specific phonological learning and inherent phonetic contrastiveness in the perception of non-native vowels. Native speakers of Korean and Japanese, at two levels of English language experience, were assessed on the perception and production of Australian English monophthongal non-back vowels: /i: I e æ a:/. Prototypicality ratings, or perceived similarities of the foreign vowels to their nearest native (L1) phonemic targets, were also examined, to assess models of cross-language vowel perception. Korean is of interest because of a recent phonological merger of two front vowels (/e/ and /ε/), which has produced a generation split among speakers of Seoul dialect above and below 45-50 years of age (Hong, 1991). The present study is the first reported case of how a phonemic merger, resulting in cross-generation differences within a speech community, can influence speakers' perception and production of non-native vowels. The effects of L1 phonological learning on vowel perception were also observed in the tendency of the Japanese, but not the Korean listeners, to normalize tokens of non-native vowels for speaker-dependent durational variation, consistent with the respective phonological roles of vowel length in Japanese and Korean.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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