Social and environmental impacts of modernization of agriculture in developing countries

Chamala S. (1990) Social and environmental impacts of modernization of agriculture in developing countries. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 10 1-2: 219-231.

Author Chamala S.
Title Social and environmental impacts of modernization of agriculture in developing countries
Journal name Environmental Impact Assessment Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-9255
Publication date 1990
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 10
Issue 1-2
Start page 219
End page 231
Total pages 13
Subject 3305 Geography, Planning and Development
2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
2300 Environmental Science
2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Abstract In the early 1950s many developing countries lacked indigenous research and technology capability. In their desperate attempts to modernize traditional agriculture they selectively borrowed technology and strategies of development from the West. Green revolution technology produced some impressive results in food production but also increased poverty and caused deterioration of the environment. It is easier to be critical than to find universal solutions to solve complex problems of development in diverse agro-climatic and socio-political systems. This paper examines the external megaforces, namely international agricultural centers, trade, bilateral aid, and international organizations affecting modernization of agriculture in developing countries, and provides a balanced critique on positive and negative impacts of modernization in these countries. General trends of social and environmental impacts are briefly summarized. New approaches undertaken by international centers and by some developing countries to overcome social and environmental impacts of modern agriculture are reviewed. Mechanisms to generate appropriate agricultural technology development and management of delivery services are suggested to achieve integrated socio-economic welfare of the people and sustainable environment.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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Created: Tue, 26 Jul 2016, 02:23:58 EST by System User