Apiomorpha gullanae sp n., an unusual new species of gall-inducing scale insect (Hemiptera : Eriococcidae)

Cook, L. G. (2003) Apiomorpha gullanae sp n., an unusual new species of gall-inducing scale insect (Hemiptera : Eriococcidae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 42 4: 327-333. doi:10.1046/j.1440-6055.2003.00370.x

Author Cook, L. G.
Title Apiomorpha gullanae sp n., an unusual new species of gall-inducing scale insect (Hemiptera : Eriococcidae)
Journal name Australian Journal of Entomology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-6756
Publication date 2003-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1046/j.1440-6055.2003.00370.x
Volume 42
Issue 4
Start page 327
End page 333
Total pages 7
Place of publication Carlton
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Abstract An unusual new species of the gall-inducing scale insect genus Apiomorpha Rubsaamen is described from Queensland. The adult female, its gall, and the first-instar nymph (crawler) are illustrated, and relationships of the new species are estimated using mitochondrial COII data. Adult females induce cigar-shaped galls on leaves of several eucalypts in section Adnataria of subgenus Symphyomyrtus. The bilobed anal lobes of the adult female differ from those of all other Apiomorpha species (single lobe) and the first-instar nymph possesses features, such as broad frontal tubercles and dorsal stripes, that are not present in crawlers of other Apiomorpha species. However, DNA sequence data confirm that the new species falls within Apiomorpha, rather than representing a sister group, and indicate that the new species is not closely related to the A. pharetrata (Schrader) species-group, the only other group within Apiomorpha that induces cigar-shaped galls on leaves. The systematic affiliations of A. gullanae sp. n. are currently not known. Females only are known and there is some indication that reproduction in the new taxon is parthenogenetic. This represents the first putative case of parthenogenesis in Apiomorpha.
Keyword Entomology
Asexual Reproduction
Host Specificity
Plant Galls
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
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