Health consequences of environmental exposures: causal thinking in global environmental epidemiology

Sly, Peter D., Carpenter, David O., Van den Berg, Martin, Stein, Renato T., Landrigan, Philip J., Brune-Drisse, Marie-Noel and Suk, William (2016) Health consequences of environmental exposures: causal thinking in global environmental epidemiology. Annals of Global Health, 82 1: 3-9. doi:10.1016/j.aogh.2016.01.004


Author Sly, Peter D.
Carpenter, David O.
Van den Berg, Martin
Stein, Renato T.
Landrigan, Philip J.
Brune-Drisse, Marie-Noel
Suk, William
Title Health consequences of environmental exposures: causal thinking in global environmental epidemiology
Journal name Annals of Global Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2214-9996
0027-2507
Publication date 2016-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.aogh.2016.01.004
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 82
Issue 1
Start page 3
End page 9
Total pages 7
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract The 2010 Global Burden of Disease estimates indicate a trend toward increasing years lived with disability from chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Risk factors examined included smoking, diet, alcohol, drug abuse, and physical inactivity. By contrast, little consideration was given to accumulating evidence that exposures to environmental chemicals, psychosocial stress, and malnutrition during fetal development and across the life span also increase risk of NCDs. To address this gap, we undertook a narrative review of early-life environmental contributions to disease. We documented numerous etiologic associations. We propose that future GBD estimates use an expanded approach for assessing etiologic contributions of environmental exposures to recognized disease risk factors. We argue that broadening the definition of environmental disease, together with improved methods of assessing early life exposures and their health outcomes across the life span, will allow better understanding of causal associations and provide the incentives required to support strategies to control avoidable exposures and reduce disease risk.
Keyword Children
Pollution
Non-communicable disease
Burden of disease
Public health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Child Health Research Centre Publications
 
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