The securitization of development and humans' insecurity in Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan

Walter, Ben (2016) The securitization of development and humans' insecurity in Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan. Global Change, Peace and Security, 28 3: 271-287. doi:10.1080/14781158.2016.1197896


Author Walter, Ben
Title The securitization of development and humans' insecurity in Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan
Journal name Global Change, Peace and Security   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1478-1166
1478-1158
Publication date 2016-06-29
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14781158.2016.1197896
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 28
Issue 3
Start page 271
End page 287
Total pages 17
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract This article explores the way the USA’s efforts to bring a securitized and militarized form of development to Afghanistan have often exacerbated many women’s and men’s human insecurity in local rural societies. In the countryside of Afghanistan, this development strategy has involved tying the counter-insurgency and counter-narcotics agenda of eliminating poppy crops to a broader neo-liberal goal, premised on building a thriving economy based on the modern agricultural production of highvalue vegetable crops. However, what was misunderstood by those implementing this development programme was the disjuncture between their modernization-inspired vision and the way this programme actually fed into existing dynamics of power. Large amounts of foreign patronage were supplied to powerful domestic actors in Afghanistan, generating a hypertrophied and predatory state apparatus beholden to these actors. Simultaneously, these counter-narcotics agricultural programmes exacerbated conditions of poverty for poor communities by destroying informal systems of credit which sustained their livelihoods, producing novel forms of gender-specific insecurity for men but more especially women.
Keyword Afghanistan
Human security
Modernization
Security development nexus
Women
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Political Science and International Studies Publications
 
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