Seasonal variation in the estrous cycle of mares in the subtropics

Dowsett K.F., Knott L.M., Woodward R.A. and Bodero D.A.V. (1993) Seasonal variation in the estrous cycle of mares in the subtropics. Theriogenology, 39 3: 631-653. doi:10.1016/0093-691X(93)90250-9


Author Dowsett K.F.
Knott L.M.
Woodward R.A.
Bodero D.A.V.
Title Seasonal variation in the estrous cycle of mares in the subtropics
Journal name Theriogenology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0093-691X
Publication date 1993
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0093-691X(93)90250-9
Volume 39
Issue 3
Start page 631
End page 653
Total pages 23
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
3400 Veterinary
Abstract Data on the estrous cycles and sexual receptivity scores of 7 maiden Australian Stock Horse mares were used to study seasonal variation from December until the following November. Mares were grazed in paddocks containing both native and improved tropical pasture species. The study was conducted in South-East Queensland (27°27′ South latitude). There were no differences between either the sexual receptivity or the lengths of natural (Mean=7.5 days, SEM=0.4) and PGF-induced estruses (Mean=7.6 days, SEM=0.4). Plasma estrogens were not related to differences in sexual receptivity scores between mares. The lowest incidence of estrus occurred at the time of the winter solstice (June 22) in the Southern Hemisphere. Winter estruses (Mean=9.3 days, SEM=0.8) were longer than those of summer (Mean=6.6 days, SEM=0.5) and autumn (Mean=6.6 days, SEM=0.9). Approximately 30% of estruses were anovulatory. Most of these occurred in autumn and winter (P<0.05). There was considerable variation in the occurrence of anovulatory estrus between mares. There were no differences between the lengths of ovulatory and anovulatory estruses. Ovulatory estruses were significantly longer in spring than in summer (P<0.05). There were no seasonal differences between the lengths of anovulatory estruses. The length of diestrus (Mean=16.6 days, SEM=0.3) was not affected by mare or season. Only 3 of the 7 mares did not cycle during winter (anestrus), as confirmed by progesterone concentrations of less than 1 ng/ml. Finally, there was no evidence of mares having 2 breeding seasons per year in this study.
Keyword anestrus
anovulatory
diestrus
estrus
mare
season
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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