Jaw disease in macropod marsupials: Bacterial flora isolated from lesions and from the mouths of affected animals

Samuel J.L. (1983) Jaw disease in macropod marsupials: Bacterial flora isolated from lesions and from the mouths of affected animals. Veterinary Microbiology, 8 4: 373-387. doi:10.1016/0378-1135(83)90050-0


Author Samuel J.L.
Title Jaw disease in macropod marsupials: Bacterial flora isolated from lesions and from the mouths of affected animals
Journal name Veterinary Microbiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-1135
Publication date 1983-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0378-1135(83)90050-0
Volume 8
Issue 4
Start page 373
End page 387
Total pages 15
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
2404 Microbiology
3400 Veterinary
Abstract Bacterial infections of the jaws are a common cause of death in macropods. Lesions and oral cavities from 50 affected animals yielded wide ranges of aerobic and anaerobic organisms. The most frequent isolate from lesions (81%) was Fusobacterium necrophorum, generally combined with other bacteria, but in 5 lesions, in pure culture. It was also isolated from 61% of mouths and this was the chief difference between the oral flora of affected and normal macropods. Other groups of organisms isolated from over 50% of lesions were: Gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic rods, streptococci, and anaerobic Gram-positive cocci. Actinomycetes were isolated from 29% of lesions and from one lesion in pure culture. Differences in the flora were detected between lesions in bone and soft tissue and between closed and open lesions. Antibiotics were given to 22 animals, but without significant differences in frequencies of isolation of organisms between treated and untreated groups, and with no permanent elimination of infection. It was concluded that, while different organisms might be present in the complex of "jaw disease", the pathogenic agent in the majority of cases was F. necrophorum. Actinomycetes were capable of producing lesions in bone, but their role in "jaw disease" remains undefined.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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