Antarctica: Cretaceous cradle of austral temperate rainforests?

Dettmann M.E. (1989) Antarctica: Cretaceous cradle of austral temperate rainforests?. Geological Society Special Publication, 47 89-105. doi:10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.047.01.08

Author Dettmann M.E.
Title Antarctica: Cretaceous cradle of austral temperate rainforests?
Journal name Geological Society Special Publication   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-8719
Publication date 1989
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1144/GSL.SP.1989.047.01.08
Volume 47
Start page 89
End page 105
Total pages 17
Subject 2212 Ocean Engineering
2312 Water Science and Technology
1907 Geology
Abstract Although it is well known that certain Gondwanic elements of present-day austral temperate rainforests occurred on Antarctica during latest Cretaceous to early Tertiary times, there has been insufficient factual evidence for pinpointing the cradle of these forests. Fossil evidence from Antarctica and closely associated regions in the Creataceous southern Gondwanan assembly confirms that Antarctica was a Cretaceous origination and dispersal region of certain elements of today's southern hemispheric humid and perhumid forests. Antarctic origins are indicated for the fern Lophosoria, the podocarp gymnosperms Lagarostrobus and Dacrydium, Nothofagus, Ilex, and several lineages of the Proteaceae; migration to their present regions of distribution was probably step-wise. Antarctica also served as a Cretaceous dispersal corridor for other angiosperms represented today in mid to low latitude austral regions. These include Ascarina (or its stock), Myrtaceae, Gunneraceae, and Winteraceae, all of which had earlier histories in northern Gondwana or southern Laurasia. Origination and dispersal appears to be related to changing environmental circumstances associated with fragmentation of Gondwana and opening and enlargement of the southern oceans.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
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Created: Tue, 28 Jun 2016, 04:18:32 EST by System User