Punishment of stuttering: Contingency and stimulus parameters

James J.E. (1981) Punishment of stuttering: Contingency and stimulus parameters. Journal of Communication Disorders, 14 5: 375-386. doi:10.1016/0021-9924(81)90020-4


Author James J.E.
Title Punishment of stuttering: Contingency and stimulus parameters
Journal name Journal of Communication Disorders   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9924
Publication date 1981
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0021-9924(81)90020-4
Volume 14
Issue 5
Start page 375
End page 386
Total pages 12
Subject 1203 Design Practice and Management
2805 Cognitive Neuroscience
3203 Clinical Psychology
3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
3310 Linguistics and Language
Abstract The influence of two major parameters of time out from speaking were investigated with 36 adolescent and adult stutterers. Subjects were assigned to four matched groups in an attempt to examine whether time out has to be contingent to be effective and whether simply signaling stuttering (no time out) produces response reduction. The major finding was that reliable reductions in stuttering frequency were produced only when tone presentations were contingent and signaled time out from speaking. Overall results are discussed in terms of their implications for the various major models used to account for the effects of response-contingent procedures on stuttering. Assigning a label of distraction, attention, or punishment is less important than identifying the parameters responsible for observed effects.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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Created: Tue, 28 Jun 2016, 03:19:51 EST by System User