The epithelium of canine palatine tonsils

Belz G.T. and Heath T.J. (1995) The epithelium of canine palatine tonsils. Anatomy and Embryology, 192 2: 189-194. doi:10.1007/BF00186007

Author Belz G.T.
Heath T.J.
Title The epithelium of canine palatine tonsils
Journal name Anatomy and Embryology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0340-2061
Publication date 1995
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF00186007
Volume 192
Issue 2
Start page 189
End page 194
Total pages 6
Publisher Springer-Verlag
Subject 2710 Embryology
2702 Anatomy
1309 Developmental Biology
1307 Cell Biology
Abstract The palatine tonsil is positioned to play a key role in protecting the body against ingested microorganisms. These microorganisms must traverse the tonsillar epithelium to initiate immune reactions, but no information is available from dogs on the structure of this epithelium. In this study, the morphology and ultrastracture of the epithelium of the palatine tonsil of dogs was examined using light and electron microscopy. The epithelium is of two types: reticular and non-reticular. Reticular epithelium, which is invaded by lymphoid cells, is located over the apices of nodules, separated indistinctly by islands of non-reticular squamous epithelium. The reticular epithelium contains M cells which are more abundant towards the periphery of lymphoid nodules. The apical membrane of the M cells forms folds from which microvilli extend into the lumen of the oropharynx. Abluminally, cytoplasmic processes enfold clusters of lymphocytes. Numerous desmosomes secure the marginal plasma membrane and lateral membranous interdigitations to adjacent epithelial cells, thereby maintaining the integrity of the tonsillar epithelium. Epithelial discontinuities, which are few, occupy similar positions to M cells and appear to contain migrating lymphocytes. A fenestrated basement membrane allows cell transport between the intraepithelial passageways of the reticular epithelium and the subepithelial lymphoid tissues.
Keyword Canine
Lymphoid tissues
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 21 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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