Effects of an audience on the task performance of subjects with high and low self-esteem

Terry D.J. and Kearnes M. (1993) Effects of an audience on the task performance of subjects with high and low self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 15 2: 137-145. doi:10.1016/0191-8869(93)90020-4


Author Terry D.J.
Kearnes M.
Title Effects of an audience on the task performance of subjects with high and low self-esteem
Journal name Personality and Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
Publication date 1993
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0191-8869(93)90020-4
Volume 15
Issue 2
Start page 137
End page 145
Total pages 9
Subject 2734 Pathology and Forensic Medicine
3200 Psychology
3207 Social Psychology
Abstract The present study was designed to examine whether self-esteem moderates the effects of audience conditions on task performance. It was proposed that the presence of an audience would have only weak effects on the task performance of subjects with high self-esteem. For subjects with low self-esteem, it was proposed that, irrespective of the complexity of the task, levels of performance would be impaired under audience conditions (presence of a video camera). The results partially supported the hypotheses. Individuals with low self-esteem performed the simple task more poorly in the video than in the alone condition, while the performance of the high self-esteem subjects was similar across the two conditions. On the complex task, the results were contrary to expectations. The presence of the audience had no impact on the task performance of subjects with low self-esteem. For the high self-esteem subjects, there was evidence that performance was enhanced under audience conditions. Based on an attentional interpretation of social facilitation effects, it was further proposed that levels of distraction would be higher in the audience condition than in the alone condition for the low self-esteem subjects, but not for the subjects with high self-esteem. Analysis of the data obtained from the low self-esteem subjects performing the simple task provided some support for this proposal.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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