Kinetic analyses of the mechanisms of action of inhibitors of the extraneuronal uptake of adrenaline in smooth muscle cells of guinea-pig trachea

Bryan L.J. and O'Donnell S.R. (1981) Kinetic analyses of the mechanisms of action of inhibitors of the extraneuronal uptake of adrenaline in smooth muscle cells of guinea-pig trachea. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 315 3: 249-254. doi:10.1007/BF00499842


Author Bryan L.J.
O'Donnell S.R.
Title Kinetic analyses of the mechanisms of action of inhibitors of the extraneuronal uptake of adrenaline in smooth muscle cells of guinea-pig trachea
Journal name Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-1298
Publication date 1981
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF00499842
Volume 315
Issue 3
Start page 249
End page 254
Total pages 6
Publisher Springer-Verlag
Subject 3004 Pharmacology
Abstract 1. Tracheal segments from guinea-pigs pretreated with 6-hydroxydopamine were incubated with adrenaline (50-300 μM) at 37° C for 5 min in the absence or presence of an extraneuronal uptake inhibitor (normetanephrine, corticosterone or phenoxybenzamine). Catechol-O-methyl transferase and monoamine oxidase were inhibited by 100 μM U-0521 and pargyline, respectively. Tissues were prepared for fluorescence histochemistry, and accumulated adrenaline in trachealis smooth muscle cells was measured by fluorescence microphotometry. Initial rates of adrenaline uptake were calculated. 2. In the absence of an extraneuronal uptake inhibitor, adrenaline uptake obeyed Michaelis-Menten saturation kinetics. The mean Kmvalue for adrenaline from a total of 25 guinea-pigs was 157 μM. 3. the mechanisms of action of three extraneuronal uptake inhibitors were determined by analysis of initial rate kinetic data for adrenaline uptake. The results showed that normetanephrine and corticosterone were reversible, competitive inhibitors and phenoxybenzamine was an irreversible inhibitor of extraneuronal uptake in the smooth muscle cells. 4. Two methods of analysis were used to obtain estimates of the affinities of the reversible inhibitors for extraneuronal uptake. The Kivalues calculated by Marquardt non-linear least squares regression analysis and Hunter-Downs method, respectively, were normetanephrine: 2.75 μM and 3.47 μM, and corticosterone: 1.52 μM and 1.44 μM. 5. Normetanephrine and corticosterone had higher affinities than adrenaline for extraneuronal uptake in the trachealis smooth muscle cells.
Keyword Adrenaline
Extraneuronal uptake
Extraneuronal uptake inhibitors
Fluorescence microphotometry
Guinea-pig trachealis smooth muscle
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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