Heart rate discrimination and heart rate control: A test of Brener's theory

Grigg L. and Ashton R. (1984) Heart rate discrimination and heart rate control: A test of Brener's theory. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2 3: 185-201. doi:10.1016/0167-8760(84)90021-7

Author Grigg L.
Ashton R.
Title Heart rate discrimination and heart rate control: A test of Brener's theory
Journal name International Journal of Psychophysiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-8760
Publication date 1984
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0167-8760(84)90021-7
Volume 2
Issue 3
Start page 185
End page 201
Total pages 17
Subject 2802 Behavioral Neuroscience
Abstract Three experiments were conducted to examine predictions from Brener's theory regarding the relationship between autonomic discrimination and autonomic control. Experiment 1 examined the possibility that training subjects to discriminate their heart rates would enhance their skill at controlling that response. Twenty subjects participated in two sessions during which one group of 10 subjects received training (knowledge of results) on the Ashton discrimination technique. The second group performed the discrimination task but received no training. All subjects then took part in a third session of heart rate (HR) control (both increase and decrease) where half of each of the aforementioned groups received feedback during the control task, while the other half performed the HR control task without feedback. Results indicated that for the control of both HR increases and decreases, there was no significant difference between those subjects trained to discriminate their HR, and those who had received no training to discriminate HR. The second experiment investigated the hypothesis that training subjects with feedback to control their HR would enhance their capacity to discriminate their heart activity. Ten subjects participated in two sessions of HR control during which half the subjects received feedback training to increase HR. During a third session, all subjects underwent a test of discrimination ability using the Ashton technique, and no knowledge of results regarding performance was provided. Results confirmed the hypothesis. The final experiment in the series investigated the discrimination/control relationship within a problem-solving framework and used 20 subjects. Results confirmed the hypothesis that subjects forewarned at the time of discrimination training that a heart rate control task was to follow would perform better than 10 subjects receiving no forewarning of the task objective. This effect took place independently of cardiac discrimination ability. A second finding from this experiment was that subjects trained to discriminate heart rate were better able to increase heart rate than untrained subjects. This result contradicts that of Experiment 1, and reasons for this anomaly are discussed in detail.
Keyword heart rate - cardiac discrimination - knowledge of results - feedback
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 14 Jun 2016, 04:05:58 EST by System User