"Walking is very much a part of the reality of daily travel: It is the most universal and ubiquitous method of personal transport,, and the inability to walk is seen as a major handicap in both medical and social contexts".
(Major Millman, 1979, p.4)
Over the past thirty years, increasing affluence and car ownership have resulted in significant changes in the function of the cities, particularly in countries of western society. The town centre has, since its origin, always attracted special attention, because it impinged directly on the life of many people in the city. Mounting traffic congestion has now progressively 'strangled' the city centre.
Because of its geographical centrality and accessibility, the centre of the city remains dominated by business and commercial activity. However, through the introduction of pedestrianisation schemes within the city centre, a new array of planning concepts and ideas have emerged. The street closure to traffic appears to have rejuvenated the city centre, manifest in terms of renewed and revitalised activities and physical appearance more resembling its traditional image and characteristics of the past.
The trend towards pedestrianisation is apparent in many cities in many countries. The initial objective of this thesis is to analyse the success of this trend. ................................