Functional Water in Australia and the Developing World

Ng, Jack C. (2015). Functional Water in Australia and the Developing World. In: 14th Japan Functional Water Society Convention, Hamamatsu, Japan, (27-27). October 23-25 2015.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Ng, Jack C.
Title of paper Functional Water in Australia and the Developing World
Conference name 14th Japan Functional Water Society Convention
Conference location Hamamatsu, Japan
Conference dates October 23-25 2015
Journal name The Journal of Functional Water
Place of Publication Tokyo, Japan
Publisher Japanese Society for Functional Water
Publication Year 2015
Sub-type Published abstract
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 11
Issue 1
Start page 27
End page 27
Total pages 1
Language eng
Abstract/Summary According to the Collins English Dictionary "Functional Water" is defined as "water containing additives that provide extra nutritional value also called aquaceutical". Whereas "conventional water" generally requires minimum chemical and structural changes perhaps with the exception of removing undesirable impurities and odours or tastes with targeted water treatment processes. Over the recent decades, both the scientific and bio-technological industrial communities have been promoting the benefits of functional water which possess novel altered or structured water characteristics to a wider acceptance in the contemporary developing world today. In its broader sense functional water can be defined as " ... altered or structured water achieved by any mechanical, electrical, optical or other process or combinations thereof which alters the physical or chemical characteristics of water, thereby creating a new form or species of water which when utilised by plants, animals or humans demonstrates measurable and repeatable benefits to chemical, enzymatic and general cellular functions". This definition of :functional water goes beyond the general term of "electrolytic water". However, this presentation will focus on the utilisation of functional water in Australia and its implication to agricultural and food industrial and public health. In Australia, the utilisation of functional water particularly the electrolytic water in the above mentioned industries has started to gain momentum after a somewhat slow start. That said, one of the earliest application of electrolytic technologies is the so-called "salt-water pool" automatic cleaning system. The utilisation of electrodes and salt water for pool-water cleaning (sanitation) is now the most popular pool cleaning system in Australia. Australian love swimming. In Australia, there are more domestic swimming pools per capita than any other countries in the world. For example, with a population of about 23 million, Australia builds 20,000 new in-ground pools per year. This is in addition to about 800,000 existing pools. In comparison, USA with a population of 270 million installs only 90,000 new pools annually. In recent years, we have seen large commercial kitchen and catering industries using electrolytic water for both general cleaning and food sanitation purposes. There are also large scale field trials for pre- and post-harvest treatments of food crops using functional water which has gained the "green tag" and is regarded as "organic farming" practice. The market has also seen emerging boutique industries similar to that in Japan and Korea utilising functional water for direct health promotion. A precautionary measure would suggest that the long-term health benefits gaining from consumption of functional water directly or indirectly need proper validation. It would appear that the application of functional water is, to date, mainly utilised in developed countries such as Japan, Korea, USA and Canada. Significantly, the challenges remain how best the functional-water technology might be implemented for food security and water sanitation in developing countries.
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
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Created: Mon, 06 Jun 2016, 10:46:47 EST by Christopher O'Keefe on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)