Obesity and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and prognosis-the obesity paradox updated

Lavie, Carl J., De Schutter, Alban, Parto, Parham, Jahangir, Eiman, Kokkinos, Peter, Ortega, Francisco B., Arena, Ross and Milani, Richard V. (2016) Obesity and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and prognosis-the obesity paradox updated. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 58 5: 537-547. doi:10.1016/j.pcad.2016.01.008


Author Lavie, Carl J.
De Schutter, Alban
Parto, Parham
Jahangir, Eiman
Kokkinos, Peter
Ortega, Francisco B.
Arena, Ross
Milani, Richard V.
Title Obesity and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and prognosis-the obesity paradox updated
Journal name Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-1740
0033-0620
Publication date 2016-03-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.pcad.2016.01.008
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 58
Issue 5
Start page 537
End page 547
Total pages 11
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher W.B. Saunders
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract he prevalence and severity of obesity have increased in the United States and most of the Westernized World over recent decades, reaching worldwide epidemics. Since obesity worsens most of the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, not surprisingly, most CVDs, including hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, are all increased in the setting of obesity. However, many studies and meta-analyses have demonstrated an obesity paradox with regards to prognosis in CVD patients, with often the overweight and mildly obese having a better prognosis than do their leaner counterparts with the same CVD. The implication for fitness to markedly alter the relationship between adiposity and prognosis and the potential impact of weight loss, in light of the obesity paradox, are all reviewed.
Keyword Cardiorespiratory fitness
Cardiovascular diseases
Obesity
Weight loss
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
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