It is hoped that in this chapter some of the words in the title will be defined in such a way as to clarify the matters that this work attempts to investigate* Having thus cleared the air, it will be necessary to explain briefly the research methods used. Finally, some of the limitations imposed by these methods on the conclusions suggested by this thesis will be mentioned.
2. "Police Powers"
It seems, then, that this work should commence, in time honoured fashion, with a definition of the topic. Perhaps the most difficult words to give specific meaning are "police powers". This was an immediate problem, for a suitable definition was not available in the texts consulted yet from the beginning it was necessary to have in mind exactly what was to be considered as a police power. This lack of clarity arises, it is suggested, from two sets of circumstances. The first is that the office of policeman is one that today involves many varied duties, which have entailed grants of powers which might easily have been given to non-police officers. ..............