A comparison of bone mineral density in male amateur boxers and active non-boxers

Bolam, K. A., Skinner, T. L., Sax, A. T., Adlard, K. N. and Taaffe, D. R. (2016) A comparison of bone mineral density in male amateur boxers and active non-boxers. International Journal of Sport Medicine, 37 9: 694-699. doi:10.1055/s-0042-104200

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Author Bolam, K. A.
Skinner, T. L.
Sax, A. T.
Adlard, K. N.
Taaffe, D. R.
Title A comparison of bone mineral density in male amateur boxers and active non-boxers
Journal name International Journal of Sport Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0172-4622
Publication date 2016-02-21
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1055/s-0042-104200
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 37
Issue 9
Start page 694
End page 699
Total pages 6
Place of publication Stuttgart, Germany
Publisher Georg Thieme Verlag
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
To examine the site-specific osteogenic effect of upper limb impact-loading activity we compared the forearm and arm bone mineral density (BMD) of male boxers to that of active controls. A cross-sectional study was performed with 30 amateur male boxers (aged 18–44 years) and 32 age-matched, non-boxing, active controls. Participants had their regional and whole body BMD and bone mineral content (BMC) assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Hand grip strength, testosterone, oestradiol, sex hormone-binding globulin, vitamin D, lean and fat mass, and past and current physical activity were also assessed. Forearm and arm BMD were 1.5–2.2% higher in boxers than the control group although this was not statistically significant (p>0.05), with no significant difference for BMC (p>0.05). There were no differences between groups for spine, hip, or whole body BMD or BMC, or for body composition or hormone status. Within the arms, lean mass was associated with BMD and BMC in both boxers and the control group (BMD, r=0.60–0.76, p<0.001; BMC, r=0.67–0.82, p<0.001). There were no significant differences between amateur boxers and the control group for upper limb BMD and BMC. However, muscle mass appears to be particularly important to bone health of the upper limbs.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 01 Jun 2016, 13:46:44 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences