Self-disclosure in initial interactions amongst speakers of American and Australian English

Haugh, Michael and Carbaugh, Donal (2015) Self-disclosure in initial interactions amongst speakers of American and Australian English. Multilingua, 34 4: 461-493. doi:10.1515/multi-2014-0104

Author Haugh, Michael
Carbaugh, Donal
Title Self-disclosure in initial interactions amongst speakers of American and Australian English
Journal name Multilingua   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-8507
Publication date 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1515/multi-2014-0104
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 34
Issue 4
Start page 461
End page 493
Total pages 33
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publisher De Gruyter Mouton
Collection year 2016
Abstract Getting acquainted with others is one of the most basic interpersonal communication events. Yet there has only been a limited number of studies that have examined variation in the interactional practices through which unacquainted persons become acquainted and establish relationships across speakers of the same language. The current study focuses on self-disclosure practices in initial interactions between first language speakers of English from Australia and the United States. It was found that while both American and Australian participants volunteered self-disclosures in the context of presentation-eliciting questions, there was a noticeable tendency for the American participants to self-disclose without being prompted by questions from the other participant. We also found that there was a tendency for the Australians to use positive assessments in response to self-disclosures less often and with a lesser degree of intensity than the American participants. These tendencies in self-disclosure practices are argued to reflect the ways in which underlying cultural premises are used by participants. However, given that a significant degree of inter-speaker and same-speaker variability was also observed, it is concluded that the study of pragmatic variation be situated on the level of interactional routines, relational dyads, and upwards that are engaged in particular social activities.
Keyword American English
Australian English
Getting acquainted
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
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Created: Tue, 24 May 2016, 15:39:38 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures