A review of the drivers of 200 years of wetland degradation in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam

Huu Nguyen, Hoang, Dargusch, Paul, Moss, Patrick and Tran, Da Binh (2016) A review of the drivers of 200 years of wetland degradation in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Regional Environmental Change, 1-13. doi:10.1007/s10113-016-0941-3


Author Huu Nguyen, Hoang
Dargusch, Paul
Moss, Patrick
Tran, Da Binh
Title A review of the drivers of 200 years of wetland degradation in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam
Journal name Regional Environmental Change   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1436-378X
1436-3798
Publication date 2016-05-05
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/s10113-016-0941-3
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract This paper examines the anthropogenic factors that have contributed to wetland loss and degradation in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam from 1816 AD to present. Our analysis is framed over five historical periods and highlights the role that seven drivers of wetland degradation have played in the Mekong Delta, including: resettlement and economic development policies; population growth and urbanization; demand for food and reclaiming wetland for agriculture; construction of canals construction of dykes flood protection systems; expansion of travel systems (waterway and roads); and exploitation of wetland natural resources. Of these, government policies for resettlement and economic development seem to have had the greatest impact on wetland loss and degradation in the Mekong Delta throughout the course of history. As a result of these factors, only 0.068 million hectares of the original 4.0 million hectares of the Mekong Delta currently remains as primary swamp forest ecosystem. History suggests that future management of the Mekong Delta should take a holistic approach that includes a better understanding of the implications of past decisions on wetland loss.
Keyword Drivers of degradation
Mekong Delta
Wetland
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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