Systematic review of Australian policing interventions to reduce alcohol-related violence – a maxillofacial perspective

Liu, Timothy, Ferris, Jason, Higginson, Angela and Lynham, Anthony (2016) Systematic review of Australian policing interventions to reduce alcohol-related violence – a maxillofacial perspective. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 4 . doi:10.1016/j.abrep.2016.05.002


Author Liu, Timothy
Ferris, Jason
Higginson, Angela
Lynham, Anthony
Title Systematic review of Australian policing interventions to reduce alcohol-related violence – a maxillofacial perspective
Journal name Addictive Behaviors Reports   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2352-8532
Publication date 2016-05-16
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.abrep.2016.05.002
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 4
Total pages 12
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Alcohol-related violence remains to be a health concern, and the oral and maxillofacial surgeons are routinely exposed to its impact on the victims and the healthcare system. At a community level, various policing interventions have been implemented to address this violent crime in and around licensed premises. Current study sought to examine the effectiveness of these interventions in Australia. Ten eligible studies, that evaluated the impact of 15 Australian policing interventions on reducing alcohol-related violence in the night-time economy, were included in this systematic review. Due to the heterogeneity of the study designs and the insufficiency of the reported data, quantitative meta-analysis of the findings was precluded. Instead, a critical narrative approach was used. Police-recorded assault rate was the primary outcome measured to assess the level of alcohol-related violence, which was influenced by the level of police duties implemented during the intervention period. The overall evidence base to support Australian policing interventions was found to be poor and was limited by the low-quality study design observed in the majority of the included studies. However, there is some evidence to suggest interventions involving proactive policing to be more effective than traditional reactive policing. There was also an increased emphasis on developing policing interventions in collaborative partnerships, demonstrating the synergistic benefits in crime prevention through community partnerships, where communities were encouraged to take ownerships of their own problems and develop targeted responses to alcohol-related violence rather than a one-size-fits-all approach. Further research is required to define their effectiveness with the use of more appropriate and robust methodologies.
Keyword Maxillofacial
Police
Alcohol
Violence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
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Created: Mon, 23 May 2016, 09:22:29 EST by Jason Ferris on behalf of School of Social Science