A review of the genus Sclerocollum Schmidt & Paperna, 1978 (Acanthocephala: Cavisomidae) from rabbitfishes (Siganidae) in the Indian and Pacific Oceans

Pichelin, Sylvie, Smales, Lesley R. and Cribb, Thomas Herbert (2016) A review of the genus Sclerocollum Schmidt & Paperna, 1978 (Acanthocephala: Cavisomidae) from rabbitfishes (Siganidae) in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Systematic Parasitology, 93 2: 101-114. doi:10.1007/s11230-015-9609-5


Author Pichelin, Sylvie
Smales, Lesley R.
Cribb, Thomas Herbert
Title A review of the genus Sclerocollum Schmidt & Paperna, 1978 (Acanthocephala: Cavisomidae) from rabbitfishes (Siganidae) in the Indian and Pacific Oceans
Formatted title
A review of the genus Sclerocollum Schmidt & Paperna, 1978 (Acanthocephala: Cavisomidae) from rabbitfishes (Siganidae) in the Indian and Pacific Oceans
Journal name Systematic Parasitology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0165-5752
1573-5192
Publication date 2016-02
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/s11230-015-9609-5
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 93
Issue 2
Start page 101
End page 114
Total pages 14
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Seven of the eleven species of Siganus Richardson (Siganidae) collected off the coasts of Australia, New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Palau were infected with species of Sclerocollum Schmidt & Paperna, 1978 (Acanthocephala: Cavisomidae). A Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and a Discriminant Analysis were performed on a morphometric dataset of specimens of Sclerocollum including borrowed type-specimens of Sc. rubrimaris Schmidt & Paperna, 1978 from the Indian Ocean and of Sc. robustum Edmonds, 1964, the only acanthocephalan species known previously from an Australian siganid. These analyses showed that the lengths of proboscis hooks were useful variables for separating specimens into groups and supported the presence of two known species (Sc. robustum and Sc. rubrimaris) and one new species (Sc. australis n. sp.) in Australian waters. We found Sc. robustum in Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes) from off Queensland and Sc. rubrimaris in S. fuscescens (Houttuyn) from off Western Australia and Queensland, S. punctatissimus Fowler & Bean from off Queensland and S. argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard), S. corallinus (Valenciennes), S. canaliculatus (Park) and S. doliatus Guérin-Méneville from off New Caledonia (all new host and locality records) which we compared with museum specimens of Sc. rubrimaris from S. rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr and S. argenteus [as S. rostratus (Valenciennes)] from the Red Sea. The third species, Sclerocollum australis n. sp., was found only in S. corallinus and S. doliatus from off Queensland. Sclerocollum australis n. sp. can be distinguished from its congeners by a unique combination of characters of the proboscis armature, including lengths of hooks 1-7. Specimens of Sclerocollum were also found in Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch) (Acanthuridae) from off Queensland, and Coradion altivelis McCulloch (Chaetodontidae) and Heniochus acuminatus (Linnaeus) (Chaetodontidae) from off New Caledonia. No acanthocephalans were found in siganids collected from Palau (Micronesia) or Moorea (French Polynesia) or Moreton Bay and Noosa (Queensland, Australia). We found no acanthocephalans in S. puellus (Schlegel), S. punctatus (Schneider & Forster), S. spinus (Linnaeus) or S. vulpinus (Schlegel & Müller). Evidence suggests that species of the genus Sclerocollum have travelled with S. argenteus across the Indo-Pacific with Sc. rubrimaris dispersed widely and Sc. robustum and Sc. australis n. sp. restricted to the Queensland coast, Australia.
Keyword Sclerocollum
Siganidae
Rabbitfishes
Proboscis hooks
Species differentiation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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