The role of clinical judgement in integration of indicators of outcome in psychotherapy research

Yasky, Jaime, King, Robert and O'Brien, Tom (2015) The role of clinical judgement in integration of indicators of outcome in psychotherapy research. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 15 3: 217-227.

Author Yasky, Jaime
King, Robert
O'Brien, Tom
Title The role of clinical judgement in integration of indicators of outcome in psychotherapy research
Journal name Counselling and Psychotherapy Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1473-3145
Publication date 2015-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 15
Issue 3
Start page 217
End page 227
Total pages 11
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Evaluation of psychotherapy impact and effect has advanced substantially in the last half century. The development of reliable standardised measures has been especially important. However, several issues remain controversial. One such issue is the extent to which standardised measures adequately capture change and their integration with normal clinical practice. A second is how to deal with the not uncommon situation where one outcome measure indicates change and another does not. Finally, researchers are often confronted with cases where standardised measures are used, but some participants quit therapy without completing them.

In this study, we present and discuss an outcome assessment method developed in the context of a naturalistic, mixed-methods study of 22 treatments of psychosomatic patients.

This multimodal, multi-informant method involved a thorough and individualised analysis of transcripts, questionnaires and other clinical data, the consideration of patient and therapist's opinions about outcome, and the use of clinical judgment to integrate different indicators and classify outcome, with the aid of two auditors reviewing the process.

Eight cases improved, six deteriorated, and eight did not change. Three case vignettes illustrate the application of the method, and some possible sources of bias of patient and therapist's opinion about outcome are identified.

Clinical judgment can help integrate results from standardised measures and other data sources into outcome assessment normally practised by clinicians. This method, besides its high cost in time and resources, can also be useful in research to rescue outcome assessment when collection of outcome measures fails.
Keyword Psychotherapy research
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Thu, 19 May 2016, 13:30:16 EST by Mr Thomas O'brien on behalf of Medicine - Mater Hospital