Changes over 46years in plant community structure in a cleared brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) forest

Johnson, Robert W., Mcdonald, William J., Fensham, Roderick J., Mcalpine, Clive A. and Lawes, Michael J. (2016) Changes over 46years in plant community structure in a cleared brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) forest. Austral Ecology, 41 6: 644-656. doi:10.1111/aec.12354


Author Johnson, Robert W.
Mcdonald, William J.
Fensham, Roderick J.
Mcalpine, Clive A.
Lawes, Michael J.
Title Changes over 46years in plant community structure in a cleared brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) forest
Formatted title
Changes over 46years in plant community structure in a cleared brigalow (Acacia harpophylla) forest
Journal name Austral Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1442-9993
1442-9985
Publication date 2016-04-22
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/aec.12354
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 41
Issue 6
Start page 644
End page 656
Total pages 13
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Plant succession theory underpins the development of strategies for the conservation and regeneration of native communities. Current theory has been based largely on space-for-time rather than long-term monitoring data, which have known limitations. There is general consensus that more site-specific studies are needed to corroborate existing hypotheses. The target vegetation is a brigalow (Acacia harpophylla, Mimosaceae) forest in one of Australia's most endangered ecosystems, which was cleared and burnt in 1963. Forty quadrats were placed systematically within each of six 20m×20m permanent plots. Presence, density and per cent canopy cover data were recorded for each species at 18 times over 46years. Brigalow dominated the original vegetation, assumed dominance soon after clearing through massive root suckering and remained dominant throughout the study. It achieved maximum density within two years when severe intraspecific competition led to self-thinning. After approximately 30years, vacant niches appeared. Woody understorey species were slow to recolonise. Species richness and other diversity indices increased rapidly to a maximum after 2-4years, declined until the 30th year when they again increased. This was the pattern of the species-rich herbaceous layer; woody species showed a steady monotonic increase. The 'hump-shaped' relationship between cover (biomass) and species richness was confirmed. This example fits the inhibition model for which few examples have been described. While the long-term successional pattern is slightly confounded by climatic variability preceding sample surveys, this space-for-time study not only supports a bimodal pattern of diversity over time but also indicates that the relative species richness of the herbaceous and woody layers may explain the extreme variability reported in the literature.
Keyword Brigalow forest
Fire
Inhibition
Long-term monitoring
Secondary succession
Species richness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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