SNP analysis of Macadamia integrifolia chloroplast genomes to determine the genetic structure of wild populations

Ahmad Termizi, A. A., Hardner, C. M., Batley, J., Nock, C. J., Hayashi, S., Montenegro, J. D. and Edwards, D. (2016). SNP analysis of Macadamia integrifolia chloroplast genomes to determine the genetic structure of wild populations. In: M. Wirthensohn, XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Nut Crops. XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Nut Crops, Brisbane, QLD Australia, (175-180). 17-22 August 2014. doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1109.29


Author Ahmad Termizi, A. A.
Hardner, C. M.
Batley, J.
Nock, C. J.
Hayashi, S.
Montenegro, J. D.
Edwards, D.
Title of paper SNP analysis of Macadamia integrifolia chloroplast genomes to determine the genetic structure of wild populations
Formatted title
SNP analysis of Macadamia integrifolia chloroplast genomes to determine the genetic structure of wild populations
Conference name XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Nut Crops
Conference location Brisbane, QLD Australia
Conference dates 17-22 August 2014
Convener Wirthensohn, M.
Proceedings title XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Nut Crops   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Acta Horticulturae   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Leuven, Belgium
Publisher International Society for Horticultural Science
Publication Year 2016
Year available 2016
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1109.29
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
ISBN 9789462611030
ISSN 0567-7572
2406-6168
Editor M. Wirthensohn
Volume 1109
Start page 175
End page 180
Total pages 6
Chapter number 29
Total chapters 43
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Macadamia is an iconic Australian plant, being the only international commercial food crop developed from the indigenous flora. The preferred species for commercial production of the highly valued kernel is Macadamia integrifolia, which is endemic to the subtropical rainforests of south-east Queensland. The first domesticated macadamia is probably a tree planted in the Brisbane Botanical gardens by Walter Hill in 1858. Crop development was led in Hawaii following introductions in the late 19th century. Complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequencing, using next generation sequencing technology, of 13 trees was used to examine the structure of the wild populations. The 516 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) identified with reference to the cp genome sequence of Hawaiian 'H.741 Mauka' cultivar produced 12 unique chlorotypes in addition to the reference. The results of this study suggest there is a strong geographic structure to the genetic variation in M. integrifolia. Northern populations were a source of germplasm for the development of the 'Mauka' cultivar, and the origin of the Walter Hill tree was likely a southern population of M. integrifolia.
Keyword Next generation sequencing (NGS)
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
cpDNA
cp genome
Genotype
Chlorotype
Germplasm
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Tue, 10 May 2016, 02:14:06 EST by System User on behalf of Qld Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation