Burnout and the provision of psychosocial care amongst Australian cancer nurses

Mcmillan, Kirsty, Butow, Phyllis, Turner, Jane, Yates, Patsy, White, Kate, Lambert, Sylvie, Stephens, Moira and Lawsin, Catalina (2016) Burnout and the provision of psychosocial care amongst Australian cancer nurses. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 22 37-45. doi:10.1016/j.ejon.2016.02.007

Author Mcmillan, Kirsty
Butow, Phyllis
Turner, Jane
Yates, Patsy
White, Kate
Lambert, Sylvie
Stephens, Moira
Lawsin, Catalina
Title Burnout and the provision of psychosocial care amongst Australian cancer nurses
Journal name European Journal of Oncology Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-2122
Publication date 2016-06-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ejon.2016.02.007
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 22
Start page 37
End page 45
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: To assess the prevalence of burnout amongst Australian cancer nurses as well as investigate the systemic and individual factors associated with burnout, including training and supervision for nurses in psychosocial care. Burnout amongst cancer nurses can have serious consequences for the individual nurse, the hospital and patients. Psychosocial care has been demonstrated in many studies to reduce distress in cancer patients; however, previous studies have suggested that providing psychosocial care can be stressful if nurses feel they lack appropriate training. Psychosocial skill training and supervision may be a way of improving job satisfaction and reducing burnout amongst nurses.

Method: Two hundred and thirty cancer nurses were recruited between November 2010 and April 2011 and completed an online questionnaire.

Results: Burnout levels within this population were found to be below nursing norms. Adequacy of training and supervision, frequency of supervision and percentage of role spent managing psychosocial care were found to be associated with burnout. Workload, Control, Reward and Community were independent predictors of burnout, and nurses with a greater mismatch in these areas identified as having High levels of burnout.

Conclusions: Strategies to reduce burnout include providing cancer nurses with a varied and sustainable workload, awarding financial and social recognition of efforts and encouraging nurses to develop a sense of control over their work. Providing regular training and supervision in psychosocial care that is perceived to be adequate may also assist in reducing burnout.
Keyword Burnout
Cancer nurses
Psychosocial care
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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