Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark

Prato, Carlo Giacomo and Kaplan, Sigal (2013). Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark. In: Transportation Research Board (TRB) 92nd Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board (TRB) 92nd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, United States, (). 13-17 January 2013.

Author Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Kaplan, Sigal
Title of paper Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark
Conference name Transportation Research Board (TRB) 92nd Annual Meeting
Conference location Washington, DC, United States
Conference dates 13-17 January 2013
Proceedings title Transportation Research Board (TRB) 92nd Annual Meeting
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Fully published paper
Total pages 20
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Bus safety is a concern not only in developing countries, but also in the U.S. and Europe. In Denmark, disentangling risk factors that are positively or negatively related to bus accident severity and bus passenger injury occurrence can contribute to promote safety as an essential principle of sustainable transit and advance the vision “every accident is one too many”. Bus accident data were retrieved from the Danish national accident database for the period 2002-2011. A generalized ordered logit model allowed analyzing bus accident severity and a logistic regression enabled examining occurrence of injury to bus passengers. An increase in bus accident severity is positively related to (i) the involvement of vulnerable road users, (ii) high speed limits, (iii) night hours, (iv) elderly drivers of the third party involved, and (v) bus drivers and other drivers crossing in yellow or red light. Occurrence of injury to bus passengers is positively related to (i) the involvement of heavy vehicles, (ii) crossing intersections in yellow or red light, (iii) open areas, (iv) high speed limits, and (v) slippery road surface. The findings of the current study provide a widespread picture of the bus safety situation in Denmark and suggest the necessity of further research into bus drivers’ attitudes and perceptions of risks and road users’ perceptions of bus operations. Moreover, these findings suggest the need for further training into bus drivers’ hazard recognition skills and infrastructural solutions to forgive possible driving errors.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2013 Paper #13-1818

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 19 Apr 2016, 14:47:29 EST by Carlo Prato on behalf of School of Civil Engineering