Risk factors associated with injury severity in crashes involving young New Zealand drivers

Weiss, Harold B., Kaplan, Sigal and Prato, Carlo Giacomo (2014). Risk factors associated with injury severity in crashes involving young New Zealand drivers. In: Transportation Research Board (TRB) 93rd Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board (TRB) 93rd Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, United States, (). 12-16 January 2014.

Author Weiss, Harold B.
Kaplan, Sigal
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Title of paper Risk factors associated with injury severity in crashes involving young New Zealand drivers
Conference name Transportation Research Board (TRB) 93rd Annual Meeting
Conference location Washington, DC, United States
Conference dates 12-16 January 2014
Proceedings title Transportation Research Board (TRB) 93rd Annual Meeting
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Fully published paper
Total pages 21
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Young people are a menace to themselves and other road users, as motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of their death. Understanding the factors affecting injury severity in crashes involving young drivers is useful for designing well-targeted restrictive, educational or other measures within youth-oriented safety programs for the reduction of crash severity. This study explores the underlying factors associated with the severity of crashes involving young drivers, with particular emphasis on young drivers’ risky behavior. The analysis was conducted by means of a generalized ordered logit model on a comprehensive set of single-vehicle and two-vehicle crashes that involved at least one 15-24 year-old driver in New Zealand between 2002 and 2011 and resulted in minor, serious or fatal injuries. Results show that the young drivers’ risky behavior, the presence of passengers and the involvement of vulnerable road users are the three main contributors to crash severity in both single-vehicle and two-vehicle crashes. Speeding, reckless driving and intoxication are the deadliest factors in single-vehicle crashes, while fatigue and reckless driving are the deadliest factors in two-vehicle crashes. The presence of passengers in the young drivers’ vehicle, and in particular of young males or a group of young males and females, dramatically increases the probability of serious and fatal injuries. The involvement of vulnerable road users, and in particular of motorcyclists, considerably augments the probability of higher crash severity.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2014 Paper #14-2503

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 19 Apr 2016, 14:11:18 EST by Carlo Prato on behalf of School of Civil Engineering