The value of self-report measures as indicators of driving behaviors among young drivers

Taubman-Ben-Ari, Orit, Eherenfreund-Hager, Ahinoam and Prato, Carlo Giacomo (2016). The value of self-report measures as indicators of driving behaviors among young drivers. In: Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, United States, (). 10-14 January 2016.

Author Taubman-Ben-Ari, Orit
Eherenfreund-Hager, Ahinoam
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Title of paper The value of self-report measures as indicators of driving behaviors among young drivers
Conference name Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting
Conference location Washington, DC, United States
Conference dates 10-14 January 2016
Proceedings title Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting
Publication Year 2016
Sub-type Fully published paper
Total pages 17
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Although much of the knowledge in transportation psychology has been gained by means of self-report measures, there is still a dispute regarding the usefulness and validity of such instruments. This series of two studies employed multivariate statistical models to examine associations between self-report and objective measures in two samples of young drivers. Study 1 (n=151) compared scores on the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI), a self-report questionnaire tapping four broad driving styles, with the naturalistic driving recorded by an in-vehicle data recorder (IVDR). Study 2 (n=80) compared responses to the Reckless Driving Habits Scale, assessing the frequency with which drivers commit a set of risky behaviors, with driving measures collected by a simulator. This study also examined the personality trait of sensation seeking, as well as gender and driving experience. In Study 1, the analysis revealed positive associations between high scores on the risky and hostile driving styles measured by the MDSI and risky behaviors measured by the IVDR, as well as inverse correlations between the latter and high MDSI scores on the anxious and careful driving styles. Similarly, in Study 2 associations were found between the self-reported frequency of reckless driving habits and several risky behaviors measured by the driving simulator. In addition, risky behaviors correlated with the sociodemographic variables and sensation seeking. The two studies, therefore, show that self-report measures are reliable tools for assessing driving behaviors for purposes of research, evaluation, and intervention.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2016 Paper #16-2312

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 18 Apr 2016, 18:51:40 EST by Carlo Prato on behalf of School of Civil Engineering