Youth walking and cycling: the relationship between active travel and urban form

Kaplan, Sigal, Nielsen, Thomas A.S. and Prato, Carlo Giacomo (2016). Youth walking and cycling: the relationship between active travel and urban form. In: Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, United States, (). 10-14 January 2016.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Kaplan, Sigal
Nielsen, Thomas A.S.
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Title of paper Youth walking and cycling: the relationship between active travel and urban form
Conference name Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting
Conference location Washington, DC, United States
Conference dates 10-14 January 2016
Proceedings title Transportation Research Board (TRB) 95th Annual Meeting
Publication Year 2016
Sub-type Fully published paper
Total pages 18
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Active travel of children and adolescents is a major public health challenge of the modern era but, when promoted and nurtured, offers immediate health benefits and forms future sustainable and healthy travel habits. This study explores jointly the choice and the extent of active travel of youth while considering walking and cycling as distinct travel forms, controlling for objective urban form measures, and taking both a “street view” looking at the immediate home surroundings and a “bird’s eye view” looking at the neighborhood environments. A Heckman selection model represents the distance covered while cycling (walking) given the mode choice being bicycle (walk) for a representative sample of 10-15 year-old children from the Capital Region of Denmark extracted from the Danish National Travel Survey. Results illustrate the necessity of different urban environments for walking and cycling, as the former relates to “street view” urban form measures and the latter also to “bird’s eye view” ones. Results also show the need for measures aiming at traffic reduction and speed calming, diminution of heavy vehicle movements in local streets, lessening of cyclist-motorist conflicts at intersections, and decrease of cycling crash frequency and severity. Last, results indicate that campaigns should address perceptions and social norms in neighborhoods located outside the city or populated with higher percentages of immigrants in order to motivate active travel of children.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 2016 Paper #16-1809

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 18 Apr 2016, 18:50:18 EST by Carlo Prato on behalf of School of Civil Engineering