Impact of a brief exercise program on the physical and psychosocial health of prostate cancer survivors: A pilot study

Skinner, Christina L., Peeters, Geeske, Croci, Ilaria, Bell, Katherine, Burton, Nicola W., Chambers, Suzanne and Bolam, Kate (2016) Impact of a brief exercise program on the physical and psychosocial health of prostate cancer survivors: A pilot study. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 12 3: 225-234. doi:10.1111/ajco.12474


Author Skinner, Christina L.
Peeters, Geeske
Croci, Ilaria
Bell, Katherine
Burton, Nicola W.
Chambers, Suzanne
Bolam, Kate
Title Impact of a brief exercise program on the physical and psychosocial health of prostate cancer survivors: A pilot study
Journal name Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1743-7555
1743-7563
Publication date 2016-02-28
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/ajco.12474
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 12
Issue 3
Start page 225
End page 234
Total pages 10
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim
It is well established that exercise is beneficial for prostate cancer survivors. The challenge for health professionals is to create effective strategies to encourage survivors to exercise in the community. Many community exercise programs are brief in duration (e.g. <5 exercise sessions); whilst evidence for the efficacy of exercise within the literature are derived from exercise programs ≥8 weeks in duration, it is unknown if health benefits can be obtained from a shorter program. This study examined the effect of a four-session individualized and supervised exercise program on the physical and psychosocial health of prostate cancer survivors.

Methods
Fifty-one prostate cancer survivors (mean age 69±7 years) were prescribed 1 h, individualized, supervised exercise sessions once weekly for 4 weeks. Participants were encouraged to increase their physical activity levels outside of the exercise sessions. Objective measures of muscular strength, exercise capacity, physical function and flexibility; and self-reported general, disease-specific and psychosocial health were assessed at baseline and following the intervention.

Results
Improvements were observed in muscle strength (leg press 17.6 percent; P < 0.001), exercise capacity (400-m walk 9.3 percent; P < 0.001), physical function (repeated chair stands 20.1 percent, usual gait speed 19.3 percent, timed up-and-go 15.0 percent; P < 0.001), flexibility (chair sit and reach +2.9 cm; P < 0.001) and positive well-being (P = 0.014) following the exercise program.

Conclusion
A four-session exercise program significantly improved the muscular strength, exercise capacity, physical function and positive well-being of prostate cancer survivors. This short-duration exercise program is safe and feasible for prostate cancer survivors and a randomized controlled trial is now required to determine whether a similar individualized exercise regimen improves physical health and mental well-being over the short, medium and long term.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Tue, 19 Apr 2016, 01:42:11 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences