Analyzing the relationship between car generation and severity of motor-vehicle crashes in Denmark

Rich, Jeppe, Prato, Carlo Giacomo, Hels, Tove, Lyckegaard, Allan and Kristensen, Niels Buus (2013) Analyzing the relationship between car generation and severity of motor-vehicle crashes in Denmark. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 54 81-89. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.02.016


Author Rich, Jeppe
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Hels, Tove
Lyckegaard, Allan
Kristensen, Niels Buus
Title Analyzing the relationship between car generation and severity of motor-vehicle crashes in Denmark
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2013-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2013.02.016
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 54
Start page 81
End page 89
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract While the number of fatalities on Danish roads has decreased in the last 40 years, research has not investigated the contribution of legislation changes, enforcement measures, technological enhancements, infrastructural improvements and human factors to this reduction. In the context of a Danish car market with remarkably high registration tax that causes potential buyers to hold longer onto old cars, the relationship between technological enhancements of vehicles and severity of crashes requires particular attention. The current study investigated the relationship between car generation (i.e., car's first registration year) and injury severity sustained by car drivers involved in accidents in Denmark between 2004 and 2010. A generalized ordered logit model was estimated while controlling for several characteristics of the crash, the vehicle and the persons involved, and a sensitivity analysis was performed to assess the effect of car generation on drivers' injury severity. Results illustrate that newer car generations are associated to significantly lower probability of injury and fatality, and that replacing older cars with newer ones introduces significant and not to be overlooked benefits for both population and society.
Keyword Car generation
Accident severity
Generalized ordered logit
Sensitivity analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 14 Apr 2016, 08:54:19 EST by Anthony Yeates on behalf of School of Civil Engineering