Driving on the edge: the motivational factors of risk-taking among teen drivers

Prato, Carlo Giacomo and Kaplan, Sigal (2013). Driving on the edge: the motivational factors of risk-taking among teen drivers. In Jean-Pascal Assailly (Ed.), Psychology of risk-taking (pp. 115-138) New York, NY, United States: Nova Science Publishers.

Author Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Kaplan, Sigal
Title of chapter Driving on the edge: the motivational factors of risk-taking among teen drivers
Title of book Psychology of risk-taking
Place of Publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Nova Science Publishers
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Year available 2013
Series Psychology of emotions, motivations, and actions series
ISBN 9781624175077
Editor Jean-Pascal Assailly
Chapter number 5
Start page 115
End page 138
Total pages 231
Total chapters 8
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Road crashes are the leading cause of death among teenagers worldwide, far aheadof violence, suicides and diseases. Historical trends of crash rates per population andmileage driven show the over-representation of novice teen drivers in road crashes andinjuries, the high involvement rate of young males in fatal crashes, the high rate of riskydriving behavior among young drivers, and the persistence of teen crash rates regardlessof the implementation of various policy measures designed to tackle the problem.Regardless of licensing programs and infrastructural and vehicle enhancements, thecrash involvement of teen drivers appears far from being resolved, presumably not onlydue to the complexity of psychomotor skills necessary for driving, but also due to thepsychological aspects that influence driving behavior. Namely, while driver's educationfocuses on basic car-maneuvering skills, teen drivers' crash involvement is largelydetermined by their risk-taking behavior, which derive from their personality, theirreaction to social pressure, their perception of parents and peers, their respect of culturaland social norms, and their law defiance.This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the factors contributing torisk-taking behavior of teenage drivers from a holistic perspective and charts the spikyworld of risk-taking behavior. Risk-factors consist of demographic factors (e.g., age,gender, education), developmental factors (e.g., emotional, physical, psychosocial),behavioral factors (e.g., antisocial tendency, substance abuse), personality factors (e.g.,aggressiveness, risk proneness, sensation seeking, risk perception), environmental factors(e.g., parental involvement, passenger and peer pressure, nighttime conditions), anddriving abilities (e.g., knowledge, skill level).Complementary to the proposed review, this chapter discusses the efficiency ofcurrent licensing programs and legislation amendments in tackling risk-taking behavior of teen drivers and coping with the factors contributing to such behavior, and proposesfuture research directions.
Keyword Risk taking
Psychology
Risk perception
Teenage drivers
Mental health
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 14 Apr 2016, 08:53:20 EST by Anthony Yeates on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)