Walking, cycling and the urban form: A Heckman selection model of active travel mode and distance by young adolescents

Kaplan, Sigal, Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick and Prato, Carlo Giacomo (2016) Walking, cycling and the urban form: A Heckman selection model of active travel mode and distance by young adolescents. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 44 55-65. doi:10.1016/j.trd.2016.02.011


Author Kaplan, Sigal
Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Title Walking, cycling and the urban form: A Heckman selection model of active travel mode and distance by young adolescents
Journal name Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1361-9209
1879-2340
Publication date 2016-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.trd.2016.02.011
Volume 44
Start page 55
End page 65
Total pages 11
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Collection year 2017
Formatted abstract
Physical inactivity of children and adolescents is a major public health challenge of the modern era but, when adequately promoted and nurtured, active travel offers immediate health benefits and forms future sustainable and healthy travel habits. This study explores jointly the choice and the extent of active travel of young adolescents while considering walking and cycling as distinct travel forms, controlling for objective urban form measures, and taking both a “street-buffer” looking at the immediate home surroundings and a “transport-zone” looking at wider neighborhoods. A Heckman selection model represents the distance covered while cycling (walking) given the mode choice being bicycle (walk) for a representative sample of 10–15 year-olds from the Capital Region of Denmark extracted from the Danish national travel survey. Results illustrate the necessity of different urban environments for walking and cycling, as the former relates to “street-buffer” urban form measures and the latter also to “transport-zone ” ones. Results also show that lessening the amount and the density of car traffic, diminishing the movement of heavy vehicles in local streets, reducing the conflict points with the density of intersections, and intervening on crash frequency and severity, would increase the probability and the amount of active travel by young adolescents. Last, results indicate that zones in rural areas and at a higher percentage of immigrants are likely to have lower probability and amount of active travel by young adolescents.
Keyword Active travel
Cycling
Travel distance
Urban form
Walking
Young adolescents
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
HERDC Pre-Audit
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 14 Apr 2016, 08:44:34 EST by Anthony Yeates on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)