The value of self-report measures as indicators of driving behaviors among young drivers

Taubman - Ben-Ari, Orit, Eherenfreund - Hager, Ahinoam and Prato, Carlo Giacomo (2016) The value of self-report measures as indicators of driving behaviors among young drivers. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 39 33-42. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2016.03.005


Author Taubman - Ben-Ari, Orit
Eherenfreund - Hager, Ahinoam
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Title The value of self-report measures as indicators of driving behaviors among young drivers
Journal name Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1369-8478
1873-5517
Publication date 2016-05-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.trf.2016.03.005
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 39
Start page 33
End page 42
Total pages 10
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Although much of the knowledge in transportation psychology has been gained by means of self-report measures, there is still a dispute regarding the usefulness and validity of such instruments. This series of two studies employed multivariate statistical models to examine associations between self-report and objective measures in two samples of young drivers. Study 1 (n = 151) compared scores on the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI), a self-report questionnaire tapping four broad driving styles, with the naturalistic driving recorded by an in-vehicle data recorder (IVDR). Study 2 (n = 80) compared responses to the Reckless Driving Habits Scale, assessing the frequency with which drivers commit a set of risky behaviors, with driving measures collected by a simulator. This study also examined the personality trait of sensation seeking, as well as gender and driving experience. In Study 1, the analysis revealed positive associations between high scores on the risky and hostile driving styles measured by the MDSI and risky behaviors measured by the IVDR, as well as inverse correlations between the latter and high MDSI scores on the anxious and careful driving styles. Similarly, in Study 2 associations were found between the self-reported frequency of reckless driving habits and several risky behaviors measured by the driving simulator. In addition, risky behaviors correlated with the sociodemographic variables and sensation seeking. The two studies therefore show that self-report measures are reliable tools for assessing driving behaviors for purposes of research, evaluation, and intervention.
Keyword Self-report measures
Driving styles
Young drivers
IVDR
Simulated driving
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Thu, 14 Apr 2016, 08:42:21 EST by Anthony Yeates on behalf of School of Civil Engineering