Mindfulness for motor and nonmotor dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease

Dissanayaka, Nadeeka N. W., Idu Jion, Farah, Pachana, Nancy A., O'Sullivan, John D., Marsh, Rodney, Byrne, Gerard J. and Harnett, Paul (2016) Mindfulness for motor and nonmotor dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson’s Disease, 2016 7109052.1-7109052.13. doi:10.1155/2016/7109052

Author Dissanayaka, Nadeeka N. W.
Idu Jion, Farah
Pachana, Nancy A.
O'Sullivan, John D.
Marsh, Rodney
Byrne, Gerard J.
Harnett, Paul
Title Mindfulness for motor and nonmotor dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease
Journal name Parkinson’s Disease   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2090-8083
Publication date 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1155/2016/7109052
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 2016
Start page 7109052.1
End page 7109052.13
Total pages 13
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Motor and nonmotor symptoms negatively influence Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients’ quality of life. Mindfulness interventions have been a recent focus in PD. The present study explores effectiveness of a manualized group mindfulness intervention tailored for PD in improving both motor and neuropsychiatric deficits in PD.

Methods: Fourteen PD patients completed an 8-week mindfulness intervention that included 6 sessions. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, PD Cognitive Rating Scale, Unified PD Rating Scale, PD Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45) were administered before and after the intervention. Participants also completed the FFMQ-15 at each session. Gains at postassessment and at 6-month follow-up were compared to baseline using paired -tests and Wilcoxon nonparametric tests.

Results: A significant increase in FFMQ-Observe subscale, a reduction in anxiety, depression, and OQ-45 symptom distress, an increase in PDCRS-Subcortical scores, and an improvement in postural instability, gait, and rigidity motor symptoms were observed at postassessment. Gains for the PDCRS were sustained at follow-up.

Conclusion: The mindfulness intervention tailored for PD is associated with reduced anxiety and depression and improved cognitive and motor functioning. A randomised controlled trial using a large sample of PD patients is warranted.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Tue, 12 Apr 2016, 10:57:43 EST by Nadeeka Dissanayaka on behalf of School of Psychology