Modelling the potential of integrated vegetation bands (IVB) to retain stormwater runoff on steep hillslopes of Southeast Queensland, Australia

Ryan, Justin G., McAlpine, Clive A., Ludwig, John A. and Callow, John N. (2015) Modelling the potential of integrated vegetation bands (IVB) to retain stormwater runoff on steep hillslopes of Southeast Queensland, Australia. Land, 4 3: 711-736. doi:10.3390/land4030711

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Author Ryan, Justin G.
McAlpine, Clive A.
Ludwig, John A.
Callow, John N.
Title Modelling the potential of integrated vegetation bands (IVB) to retain stormwater runoff on steep hillslopes of Southeast Queensland, Australia
Journal name Land   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2073-445X
Publication date 2015-09-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3390/land4030711
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 4
Issue 3
Start page 711
End page 736
Total pages 26
Place of publication Basel Switzerland
Publisher MDPI AG
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Rainfall intensity is predicted to increase under a changing climate, leading to increased risks of hillslope erosion, downstream sedimentation and flooding. For many catchments used for grazing and agricultural land uses, it will become increasingly important to maintain ecohydrological functioning despite climatic extremes. One means to achieve this is through strategic reforestation using locally endemic species, in spatial configurations that effectively intercept, retain or and redistribute overland flows. This paper adopts a modelling approach for investigating the potential of one such design termed “integrated vegetation bands” (IVB), to increase the retention of runoff across steep hillslopes, particularly in the sub-tropics where rainstorms are becoming increasingly intense. A spatially distributed simulation model (MIKE-SHE) was applied to a steep, grazed catchment (Maronghi Creek catchment, Southeast Queensland, Australia) to compare stormwater runoff characteristics between: (1) the existing pasture land cover; and (2) a series of hypothetical IVB added across this pasture land. The IVB were approximately 20 m wide, and configured at 5% gradient towards ridgelines. Results for estimates of overland flow depth and infiltration (spatial), and accumulative water balance (temporal), confirm that the area of hillslope retaining > 10 mm/day more runoff increased by 22% under IVB compared to the pasture land use. Excluding the IVB themselves, the area of hillslope where runoff retention increased was 11%. During the most intense rainfall, IVB held up to 25% greater water depth and had 10% greater infiltration at the hillslope scale. At the sub-catchment scale, discharge decreased by 7% and infiltration increased by 23%. The findings for sub-tropical landscapes presented here are consistent with studies conducted in temperate regions. Based on the results of this preliminary modelling work, the IVB concept has been established as a paired-catchment field trial in a high rainfall catchment in Southeast Queensland, Australia.
Keyword Vegetation bands
Grazing land
Stormwater runoff
Water retention
Ecohydrology
Hillslopes
Simulation modelling
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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Created: Tue, 12 Apr 2016, 04:12:00 EST by Dr Clive Mcalpine on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management